A disaster zone

Publié le par Grand Beau et Riche Pays


"Congo is a disaster zone. Nowhere else in the world has lost four million people in the last eight years," said Egeland. "That is six Rwandan genocides. The world said never again but this is Rwanda again and again." UN emergency relief co-ordinator Jan Egeland

 
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U.N. Under-Secretary General of Humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland (L) speaks to Fidele Ntumbi (C), and Kabindo Kitikibuke (R), Commanders of Mayi-Mayi militias, at a demobilization center in Kankonona, 16 km (10 miles) outside Pweto in Katanga REUTERS/Jiro Ose
 
Goma, l’interviewé du siècle

COURRIER INTERNATIONAL
  Cela devait arriver : Hollywood s’est emparé de son histoire. Après la télé, Guy Goma aura donc les honneurs du grand écran. Début mai, ce diplômé congolais se présente à la BBC pour un entretien d’embauche. A la réception de la chaîne d’information News 24, quiproquo. On le confond avec un autre Guy – Guy Kewney, expert en nouvelles technologies, venu pour une interview à propos du verdict du procès Apple-Beatles. Avant qu’il ait le temps de dire ouf, Guy Goma se retrouve en studio face à une journaliste qui lui demande son docte avis sur le téléchargement. L’homme se jette à l’eau et, avec un fort accent français, répond aux questions de Karen Bowerman. Pendant ce temps, le vrai Guy Kewey – maigre, blond, les yeux bleus – attend toujours qu’on vienne le chercher. Sur un écran de contrôle, il assiste avec horreur à “son” interview. La BBC se confondra en excuses, invitant quelques jours plus tard – officiellement cette fois – Guy Goma à conter son aventure. Channel 4 News le convie à son tour pour une interview bidon : Guy Goma donnera son opinion éclairée sur Hugo Chávez, le système de santé britannique et la lutte contre la délinquance. C’est la réalisatrice Alison Rosenzweig qui a l’intention de réaliser un film inspiré de cette éprouvante confusion. 
 
 
Guy Goma being interviewed on BBC News 24
 
“Une fois que j’ai réalisé que j’étais en direct, je me suis dit : ‘Qu’est-ce que je peux y faire ?’ J’ai juste essayé de répondre aux questions et de rester calme.”
Vidéo sur le site officiel de Guy Goma, www.guygoma.com
 
 
KAREN BOWERMAN (K.B.) Monsieur "Kewney", Bonjour.
GUY GOMA (G.G.)(l’air horrifié) Bonjour.

K. B. Avez-vous été surpris par ce verdict ?
G. G. Je suis très surpris de voir… ce verdict me tomber dessus car je ne m’y attendais pas. Quand je suis venu, on m’avait dit autre chose. Et me voilà. Oui, c’est une grosse surprise.

K. B. Une sacrée surprise, en effet !
G. G. Tout à fait.

K. B. Quand vous voyez les sommes investies, pensez-vous que les internautes téléchargeront plus ?
G. G. En fait, partout où vous allez, vous verrez des gens en train de télécharger des choses sur Internet et sur des sites web et sur tout ce qu’ils veulent. Mais je pense… euh… c’est un vrai progrès… euh… d’informer les gens sur ce qu’ils veulent et de trouver tout facilement et aussi vite que possible.

K. B. Quand on suit les tendances actuelles de l’industrie de la musique, on a vraiment l’impression que les gens veulent surfer sur Internet et télécharger de la musique.
G. G. Tout à fait. On peut aller partout, dans les cybercafés. Et on peut télécharger facilement. Ça va devenir facile pour tout le monde de trouver des choses sur Internet.

K. B. Merci. Merci beaucoup.


Kabila, les bombes aveugles

SundayTimes Jon Swain    Graham Pelham, a former special forces operative in the French Foreign Legion was appointed Congo country manager of Avient, an air cargo company run by Andrew Smith, a former British army officer. Pelham, an Irishman, was acting as an undercover investigator for the UN security council. He had been sent to the Congo to find out about the activities of another company that was believed to be trafficking in illicit weapons and diamonds. Instead he reported back to his controller on the activities of the company employing him. Avient’s role was supposed to be logistical but Pelham says he was put in charge of helicopter gunships and civilian aircraft that had been converted to drop bombs and were being flown by Avient crews. Under a crewing agreement Smith had signed with General Joseph Kabila, the future president of the Congo, on September 21, 1999, Avient undertook to provide aircrew who would “operate along and behind the enemy lines in support of ground troops and against the invading forces”. Pelham claims he found that Ukrainian and Russian aircrews recruited by Avient on behalf of the Congolese airforce were flying blanket bombing raids that in all probability were killing and maiming civilians caught in the war zone thousands of feet below. Rudimentary bombs made from industrial gas cylinders filled with TNT were being rolled out of the backs of giant Antonov transport aircraft flown at high altitude in indiscriminate raids. “Bombs were being dropped from high altitude and there was no accuracy in it. It was blanket bombing.” Just before he arrived, an Antonov 12 cargo plane loaded with bombs had blown up while taking off from Mbandaka airfield. All six Avient crewmen had died. Much of the bombing in the Congo in 1999 and 2000 was directed at rebel forces backed by Ugandan troops in Equator province. More than 200,000 people were forced to flee to neighbouring countries and thousands more survived in the forest. Schools and hospitals were hit and Equator province now has more problems with unexploded ordnance than anywhere else in the Congo. 
 
Ota Benga, au Zoo de Bronx
 
 
Ota Benga was among a group of Congolese pygmies displayed at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904.

 
NPR Joe Richman of Radio Diaries    In 1906, a hundred years ago, the Bronx Zoo in New York unveiled a new exhibit. Inside a cage, in the zoo's Monkey House, was a man named Ota Benga. He was 22 years old, a member of the Batwa people, pygmies who lived in what was then the Belgian Congo. Ota Benga first came to the United States in 1904. The St. Louis World's Fair had hired Samuel Phillips Verner, an American explorer and missionary, to bring African pygmies to the exposition. After the World's Fair, Verner, as promised, took the Africans back to their country. But Ota Benga found that he didn't fit in at "home" anymore -- all the members of his particular tribe had been annihilated during his time away -- and he asked Verner to take him back to the United States. That's when Ota Benga ended up at the Bronx Zoo. It's estimated that 40,000 visitors a day came to see him. At the same time, a group of African-American ministers mounted a vigorous protest. The Bronx Zoo soon ended the exhibit, and the ministers' group moved Ota Benga to the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn. He stayed there for a short time before being relocated to Lynchburg, Va., where various families housed him and tried to help him live a normal life. Ota Benga lived in Lynchburg until March 1916, when he borrowed a gun from one of his host families, went to the woods on the edge of the town, and shot himself.
 
Entreprendre, la lanterne rouge

BBC Afrique Xavier Kreiss    La Banque mondiale vient de publier son rapport, intitulé Doing Business, ou La Pratique des affaires, dans lequel elle examine les règlementations régissant le monde des affaires dans les différents pays du monde. Le "meilleur élève de la classe" est la Géorgie, la lanterne rouge revenant à la République démocratique du Congo
La Banque mondiale note que c'est en République démocratique du Congo que les conditions sont les moins favorables pour créer des entreprises. La procédure prend 155 jours, et son coût équivaut à six fois le salaire annuel moyen.

BBCnews Source: World Bank - Doing Business Report 2007
LEAST BUSINESS FRIENDLY COUNTRIES (2006 positions in brackets)
175: Democratic Republic of Congo (175)
174: Timor-Leste (174)
173: Guinea-Bissau (173)
172: Chad (172)
171: Congo Republic (169)
170: Eritrea (168)



Transports, en jaune
 
 
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SunHerald THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ANJAN SUNDARAM KINSHASA    While many castoff products from rich Western countries find new use in Africa, the ripped T-shirts, faintly treaded shoes and old computers they haven't had their original use quite as thoroughly inverted as the yellow school bus: America's yellow school buses find a second life. Boxy buses haul Congo's impoverished people, young and old - and their loads of fish, powdered milk, beans and onions. Charging breakneck around the capital, the yellow buses rattle fiercely as they crash through the potholes peppering Kinshasa's roads. The blinking tail lights that had protected many a child are now either missing or broken. Yellow buses symbolize safety and restraint on American roads. Not here in Congo. Speedometers don't work on many of the buses, but they appear to reach speeds of up to 50 mph, fairly fast given Kinshasa's traffic and the condition of its roads. With traffic so chaotic and roads so rutted, safety seems beside the point, but Congolese cherish the buses as comfortable and sturdy - particularly since the alternative for most is dodgy taxi vans or walking. Most of Congo's new generation of yellow buses come from Virginia or Maryland, usually after a decade of service to American schools. The buses cost about $2,000 in Congo; a new one would cost 40 times that.
 
 
 
CongoForum Cédric Kalonji  Congolais, le peuple le plus débrouillard du monde. Qui en doute ?(ous autres congolais avons nos propres moyens de faire les choses et savons utiliser les moyens du bord. JVoici un exemple : déménagement. Pas de camion spécial mais juste une combi; pas assez de place pour les gros fauteuils à l’intérieur, on les place sur le toit; pas de corde pour attacher les fauteuils, quelqu’un, un vrai humain s’en charge. Vous ne rêvez pas, le véhicule est bel est bien en marche au moment où la photo est prise.
 
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